Network Awesome - Wed, Jan 13 just another day in paradise.
Manga! (BBC TV Special, 1994)
documentary on the manga and anime phenomenon that was just starting to hit the UK at the time, and its origins in Japan. Presented by Jonathan Ross.
DNA was a no wave band formed in 1978 by guitarist Arto Lindsay and keyboardist Robin Crutchfield. Rather than playing their instruments in a traditional manner, they instead focused on making unique and unusual sounds. Their music was described as spare, noisy, and angular and was compared to some of Captain Beefheart's output as well as the works of Anton Webern.
DNA originally consisted of Lindsay, Crutchfield, Gordon Stevenson and Mirielle Cervenka, and took their name from a song by another no wave band, Mars. Stevenson went on to play bass for Teenage Jesus and the Jerks; Cervenka was the younger sister of Exene Cervenka of X. Terry Ork, head of Ork Records, booked the band at Max's Kansas City for its first show. Cervenka and Stevenson left after hearing this. Lindsay and Crutchfield hastily recruited Ikue Mori—who at the time had little command of English and no musical experience—to be DNA's drummer.
This lineup of DNA played occasionally at CBGB and Max's Kansas City and recorded one 7" single. Within their first year, they had cemented their reputation as a paradigmatic no wave band when Brian Eno selected them as one of the four groups documented on the No New York LP, the first recording to expose no wave groups to an audience outside of lower Manhattan. The other three bands appearing on this album wereThe Contortions, Teenage Jesus and the Jerks, and Mars.
Shortly after the recording of No New York, Crutchfield left DNA to form a new band, Dark Day. He was replaced by Tim Wright, previously of theCleveland band Pere Ubu. As Wright played bass guitar and not keyboards, and was the only member of the band to have any conventional instrumental technique, the change in DNA's sound was dramatic. The music became even more spare and angular, with Wright's bass lines creating a sometimes menacing sound to support Lindsay's scraping, atonal guitar and Mori's irregular rhythms. Their song structures became tighter, briefer, more abstract, and have been compared to haiku.
The Lindsay-Mori-Wright lineup of DNA developed something of a cult following between 1979 and 1982, but perhaps more of their fans came from the art world than from rock audiences. Live shows were frequent in this period, but rarely outside of the CBGB/Mudd Club/Tier 3 circuit in lower Manhattan.
The group's 10-minute debut album, A Taste of DNA was recorded for Kip Hanrahan's American Clavé label, and was later released on Rough Trade in 1980. Some live DNA tracks appeared on compilation albums while the band was still in existence.
Lindsay, Mori, and Wright decided to dissolve the band in 1982. It's a measure of the cult following the band had developed that its final concerts were three consecutive sold-out nights at CBGB. DNA's final encore was a cover of Led Zeppelin's Whole Lotta Love. This is not included on the CD Last Live at CBGB, released more than a decade later, on John Zorn's Avant label.
DNA on DNA, a comprehensive CD chronicle of the band, was released by No More Records in 2004.
Lindsay and Mori, and to a lesser extent Crutchfield, have remained active in music.
The rock group Blonde Redhead takes its name from a DNA song.
Tranimal is a drag and performance art movement that began in the mid 2000s in Los Angeles. Deriving from 'transvestite' the aim was to create interpretive, animalistic and post-modern interpretations of the 'drag queen.'
The term "tranimal" was coined by artist Jer Ber Jones. Jer Ber Jones is responsible for starting the movement and popularizing the movement in 2006, and again in early 2007 with the original stage production of the dance musical FOWL, a collaboration with choreographer Ryan Heffington. Which grew into a drag and performance art scene based in Los Angeles.
In contrast to traditional genres of drag such as camp and pageant, tranimal drag de-constructs fashion and make-up, often using found objects, and elements of surrealism. A visual emphasis was placed on hiding or exaggerating male attributes, but not necessarily shaving, tucking or plucking, creating a constant push and pull between the genders. The tranimal movement was inspired by Leigh Bowery, Radical Faeries, the Cockettes, Boy George, Grace Jones, Cindy Sherman and John Waters.
Austin Young and collaborators further popularized the look and ethos of Tranimal through portraiture work around the genre.
In 2011 the movement reached a mainstream audience when actress Ann Magnuson suggested to the Los Angeles Times that a "Tranimal Makeover Station be erected mid-way on the red carpet." (For the televised Oscar Awards Ceremony.) 
The first public Tranimal Workshop event, held at Mark Allen's Machine Project in 2009, contextualized the movement and moved it into a participatory, open-source series of events. Each event culminated in a series of photographs shot by Austin Young. The concept of the Tranimal Workshop was a collaboration between by Austin Young, Squeaky Blonde and Fade-Dra. Participating artists have also included Matthu Andersen, Jer Ber Jones, Andrew Marlin, Jason El Diablo, and many others. The first workshop was co-produced by Austin Young and Saskia Wilson-Brown in conjunction with Ultra Fabulous Beyond Drag, Part Deux in 2007, and Ultra Fabulous Beyond Drag, Part Deux in 2009. These two film programs in Los Angeles were complemented by guest performances from artists such The Steve Lady, Jer Ber Jones, and Squeaky Blonde, among others. The Ultra Fabulous screenings served to coalesce the filmic elements of the movement in one place, for the first time.
Since the initial event, the workshop has been further developed by many of the original organizers with Austin Young at the helm, and has expanded to various venues including Los Angeles' Hammer Museum in 2010 and the Berkeley Art Museum in 2011.
Around the World in 80 Gardens was a television series of 10 programmes in which British gardener and broadcaster Monty Don visited 80 of the world's most celebrated gardens. The series was filmed over a period of 18 months and was first broadcast on BBC Two at 9.00pm on successive Sundays from 27 January to 30 March 2008. A book based on the series was also published.
The title of the series was a reference to Jules Verne's novel Around the World in Eighty Days and is a spiritual successor to Dan Cruickshank's earlier television series, Around the World in 80 Treasures, first broadcast in 2005.
|1.||Mexico||The Floating Gardens, Xochimilco,Mexico City||The chinampas of Lake Xochimilco, floating vegetable gardens dating back beforeAztec times.|
|2.||Mexico||The Gardens of Luis Barragán: Casa de Luis Barragán, Casa Prieto López andCasa Antonio Gálvez||Gardens created by leading Mexican architect, Luis Barragán, in Mexico City. Website of the Barragan Foundation|
|3.||Mexico||The Ethno-Botanical Garden, Oaxaca||A new botanic garden containing the region's many species of cactus, built alongside the Santo Domingo Cultural Center, formerly a monastery, on a site originally slated for development as a hotel. Website|
|4.||Mexico||Las Pozas, Xilitla||A surreal collection of jungle plants and concrete follies created in a former coffee plantation by Englishman Edward James in the Sierra Madre Oriental. Website|
|5.||Cuba||Alberto's Huerto, Havana||An urban vegetable garden in the space left by a collapsed building.|
|6.||Cuba||Vivero Organopónico Alamar, Havana||A large urban collective organic market garden (Organopónico)|
|7.||Cuba||Maria's Garden, Havana||A small urban flower garden.|
Starting with Botany Bay...
|8.||Australia||The Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney||Botanic gardens around Farm Cove at the centre of Sydney, on the site of a grain farm established by the first European settlers in 1788. Website|
|9.||Australia||Kennerton Green, Mittagong,New South Wales||A colonial-style garden with European planting in the hills near Sydney.|
|10.||Australia||The Sitta Garden, Sydney||A modern garden designed by Vladimir Sitta, including native plants and large slabs of red rock from central Australia.|
|11.||Australia||Alice Springs Desert Park,Northern Territory||A park near Alice Springs recreating the habitats for desert plants across central Australia.Website|
|12.||Australia||Cruden Farm, Langwarrin,Melbourne||Gardened continuously by Dame Elisabeth Murdoch since the 1920s.|
|13.||Australia||The Garden Vineyard,Moorooduc, Melbourne||A European-style garden on the Mornington Peninsula, replacing European planting with Australian natives. Website|
|14.||New Zealand||Ayrlies Garden, Auckland||A 12-acre (49,000 m2) country garden created since 1964 in a paddock east of Auckland byBeverley McConnell. Website|
|15.||New Zealand||Te Kainga Marire, New Plymouth||A domestic city garden of native New Zealand plants. Its name is Māori for "the peaceful encampment". Website|
|16.||India||Taj Mahal and the Mehtab Bagh,Agra||Website, Garden Visit review.|
|18.||India||The Monsoon Garden, Deeg||Gardens of the Deeg Palace. Garden Visit review|
|19.||India||Jal Mahal, Jaipur|
|20.||India||Hindu Temple Shrine Garden,Jaipur|
|21.||India||Mr Abraham's Spice Garden,Thekkady, Kerala||An organic spice garden. Website|
|22.||India||The Old Railway Garden, Munnar,Kerala|
|23.||India||The Rock Garden,Chandigarh||A sculpture garden created illegally by transport official Nek Chand who started the garden secretly in his spare time in 1957. Today it is spread over an area of forty-acres (160,000 m²), it is completely built of industrial & home waste and thrown-away items. Website|
|24.||Brazil||Burle Marx's Copacabana Promenade, Rio de Janeiro|
|25.||Brazil||Garden of the Sítio Roberto Burle Marx, Rio de Janeiro|
|26.||Brazil||The Floating Gardens, The Amazon River|
|27.||Brazil||Bacu's Forest Garden, The Amazon|
|28.||Argentina||Carlos Thays's garden at Estancia Dos Talas, Dolores, Buenos Aires, in ThePampas||In the middle of the limitless pampas a grand French-style mansion with gardens in 1500 hectares of lands and the infinite pampas beyond. Website|
|29.||Chile||The private garden of Chilean landscape architect Juan Grimm at Bahia Azul, Los Vilos|
|30.||USA||LongHouse Reserve, East Hampton,New York||The Long Island gardens housing Jack Lenor Larsen's sculpture collection. Website|
|31.||USA||Gantry Plaza State Park, New York||A garden at Hunters Point in Queens, beside historic ship-loading gantries on the East River. Designed by Tom Balsley. Website|
|32.||USA||Liz Christy Garden, Manhattan, New York||The first community garden in New York City, founded in 1973 by local resident Liz Christy on a vacant lot on the corner of Bowery and Houston Street. Website|
|33.||USA||James Van Sweden's garden at Ferry Cove, Chesapeake Bay, Maryland||A modern garden of grasses, melting into the surrounding landscape.|
|34.||USA||Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia||The garden of the author of the US Declaration of Independence and third President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson. Website|
|35.||USA||The Huntington Botanic Garden, San Marino, California||A 120-acre (0.49 km2) botanic garden around the Huntington Library, laid out in the early 20th century. Website|
|36.||USA||Lotusland, Montecito, Santa Barbara, California||The gardens of opera singer Madame Ganna Walska. Website|
|37.||USA||Roland Emmerich's Garden,Hollywood, California||An instant mature garden for the Hollywood director and producer, with tall palm treesinstalled to provide privacy.|
|38.||USA||The Greenberg Garden, Brentwood, Los Angeles||Designed by Mia Lehrer.|
|39.||China||The Humble Administrator's Garden, Suzhou||16th-century garden, with many pavilions, island, pools and bridges.|
|40.||China||The Lion Grove, Suzhou|
|41.||China||The Imperial Summer Palace,Beijing||Complex of palaces and gardens northwest of Beijing, covering 3.5 km², looted and destroyed by the British and French in 1860.|
|42.||Japan||Ryoan-ji Temple, Kyoto||Famous karesansui (dry landscape) rock garden. Part of the World Heritage Site. Website|
|43.||Japan||Issidan, Ryogen-in Temple,Kyoto||Large Japanese rock garden.|
|44.||Japan||Totekiko, Ryogen-in Temple,Kyoto||Small Japanese rock garden.|
|45.||Japan||Urasenke Tea Garden, Kyoto||Tea room built by Sen Sōtan. Website|
|46.||Japan||Tofuku-ji Temple Garden, Kyoto||Designed by Mirei Shigemori in the 1930s, including a moss garden and Japanese maples.Website|
|47.||Italy||Villa d'Este, Tivoli||A spectacular Renaissance garden with many fountains. Website|
|48.||Italy||Villa Adriana, Tivoli||The remains of the garden set out for Roman Emperor Hadrian around his palace.|
|49.||Italy||Elio's vineyard, Tivoli||A private fruit and vegetable garden.|
|50.||Italy||Villa Lante, Bagnaia||A 16th-century Mannerist gardens of surprises.|
|51.||Morocco||The Aguedal,Marrakech||Royal vegetable gardens dating to the 12th century, irrigated with water from the Ourika valley, with water stored in large central cisterns. Garden Visit review|
|52.||Morocco||The Majorelle,Marrakech||The botanical garden created by French artist Jacques Majorelle in 1924, and restored by Yves Saint Laurent and Pierre Bergé in the 1980s. Website|
|53.||Spain||The Alhambra andGeneralife, Granada||The gardens of the Moorish palace in Andalusia. Website|
|54.||Spain||The Patios of Córdoba||Private courtyard gardens, opened to the public in May each year, in the annual Festival de los Patios Cordobeses. Website|
|55.||Spain||Casa Caruncho, Madrid||The private garden of Spanish landscape gardener, Fernando Caruncho. Website|
|56.||South Africa||Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, Cape Town||A botanic garden on the eastern slopes of Table Mountain. Website|
|57.||South Africa||Henk Scholtz's garden,Franschhoek near Cape Town|
|58.||South Africa||The Company Garden, Cape Town||Originally created to provide fresh food to passing ships, using water from natural springs; now a city park.|
|59.||South Africa||Stellenberg,Kenilworth, Cape Town|
|60.||South Africa||Donovan's L'il Eden,Hout Bay, Cape Town||A garden in a Cape squatter camp.|
|61.||South Africa||Kirklington,Ficksburg, Free State||A garden established on the first half of the 20th century by English expatriate Edward Tudor Boddam-Whetham and his wife Ruby Newberry, daughter of Charles Newberry. It makes careful management of scarce water resources, and is named after Edward's ancestral home, Kirklington Hall inNottinghamshire. Photos|
|62.||South Africa||The Savanna Rock Garden,Magaliesberg,Johannesburg||A rock garden created by a married couple (one a sculptor, the other an artist).|
|63.||South Africa||Brenthurst Gardens,Parktown,Johannesburg||The garden of Strilli Oppenheimer. Website|
|64.||South Africa||Thuthuka School Garden, TembisaTownship nearJohannesburg||A garden in a township school.|
|65.||UK||Rousham Park,Oxfordshire||Perhaps the first English landscape garden, created by William Kent in the early 18th century.Website|
|66.||UK||Sissinghurst Castle,Kent||Influential English garden created in the 1930s by Vita Sackville-West and her husband Harold Nicolson; owned by the National Trust since 1967. Website|
|67.||France||Chateau Villandry, The Loire Valley||Acres of parterre and box hedge, recreated in the 20th century. Website|
|68.||France||Claude Monet's Garden, Giverny||Obsessively painted by Monet; now receiving over half a million visitors each year. Website|
|69.||Belgium||Jacques Wirtz's Garden, Schoten,Antwerp||The private garden of Belgian landscape artist Jacques Wirtz, including his trademark "cloud" boxhedges. Website|
|70.||Netherlands||Het Loo Palace,Apeldoorn||The Baroque Dutch garden of William and Mary, originally designed by Claude Desgotz in the 1680s but replaced by an English landscape garden in the 18th century; restored from 1970 to 1984 to its appearance in 1700. Website|
|71.||Netherlands||The Boon Family Garden, Oostzaan,Amsterdam||An example of a small modern domestic garden, designed by Piet Oudolf for Dutch architect Piet Boon.|
|72.||Norway||The Arctic Alpine Botanic Gardens,Tromsø||The northernmost botanic garden in the world, 200 miles (320 km) inside the Arctic Circle. Website|
|73.||Thailand||Jim Thompson's Garden, Bangkok||A jungle garden created by American Office of Strategic Services agent and silk merchant, Jim Thompson. Website|
|74.||Thailand||The Grand Palace,Bangkok||Official residence of the King of Thailand. Website (Monty Don also visited the agricultural research fields at the Chitlada Palace.)|
|75.||Thailand||The Klong Gardens,Bangkok||The private gardens that line the canals of Bangkok.|
|76.||Singapore||The City in a Garden||The landscaping fulfilling the vision of former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, to soften the harshness of urban life by clothing Singapore in green. Singapore National Parks website|
|77.||Singapore||Wilson Wong's Community Garden||An urban vegetable garden created as a community project.|
|78.||Indonesia||Pura Taman Ayun,Mengwi, Bali||A 17th-century Hindu temple ("Taman Ayun" is Balinese for "beautiful garden").|
|79.||Indonesia||Traditional Home Compound, Ubud,Bali||A typical Balinese private household.|
|80.||Indonesia||Villa Bebek, Sanur,Bali||A modern Balinese garden, designed by Australian Made Wijaya (Michael White). Website|
Sarah Kate Silverman (born December 1, 1970) is an American actress, stand-up comedian, producer, and writer. Her comedy addresses social taboos and controversial topics, such asracism, sexism, and religion, having her comic character endorse them in an ironic fashion.
Silverman was a writer and occasional performer for 18 weeks on Saturday Night Live and starred in and produced The Sarah Silverman Program, which ran from 2007 to 2010 on Comedy Central, for which she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award. She released an autobiography The Bedwetter in 2010. She has also appeared in other television programs, such as Mr Show andV.I.P., and starred in films, including Who's the Caboose? (1997), School of Rock (2003), Wreck-It Ralph (2012), and A Million Ways to Die in the West (2014).
In 2015, she appeared in the drama I Smile Back, for which she was been nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role.
Silverman was born in Bedford, New Hampshire, to Beth Ann (née Halpin; 1941-2015), and Donald Silverman. She was raised inManchester, New Hampshire. Beth had been George McGovern's personal campaign photographer and would found the theater company New Thalian Players, while Donald had training as a social worker and also ran the clothing store Crazy Sophie's Outlet. Silverman's parents divorced but later remarried. Silverman is the youngest of five siblings. Her sisters are Rabbi Susan Silverman, screenwriter Jodyne Silverman, and actress Laura Silverman; her brother Jeffrey Michael died when he was three months old. Born into a Jewish family, she considers herself secular and non-religious. She was in attendance when women lit menorahs at the Western Wall for the first time in December 2014.
The first time Silverman performed stand-up comedy was in Boston at age 17, she described her performance as "awful". After graduating from The Derryfield School in Manchester, she attended but did not graduate from New York University and performed standup comedy inGreenwich Village.
After beginning her stand-up comedy in 1992, Silverman was part of the 1993–94 season of Saturday Night Live (SNL) for 18 weeks as a writer and featured player. She was fired after one season where only one of the sketches she wrote survived to dress rehearsal and none aired, although she did appear on the show as a cast member in skits, usually in smaller supporting roles. Bob Odenkirk, a former SNL writer, explained, "I could see how it wouldn't work at SNL because she's got her own voice, she's very much Sarah Silverman all the time. She can play a character but she doesn't disappear into the character—she makes the character her." She has stated that she was not ready for SNL when she got the job. She said that when she was fired it hurt her confidence for a year, but after that nothing could hurt her and that she attributes her time to SNL as being a key reason why she has been so tough in her career. Later, she was grateful that her SNL time was short because it didn't end up defining her. She parodied the situation when she appeared on The Larry Sanders Show episode "The New Writer" (1996), playing Sanders' new staff writer, whose jokes are not used because of the chauvinism and bias of the male chief comedy writer, who favors the jokes of his male co-writers. She appeared in three episodes of Larry Sanders during its final two seasons.
Silverman was a featured performer on the HBO sketch comedy show Mr. Show (1995–97) and played the leading role in the 1997 independent film Who's the Caboose?, involving a pair of New York comedians (Silverman and director Sam Seder) going to Los Angeles during pilot season to try to get a part in a television series; the film features numerous young stand-up comedians in supporting roles but never received a widespread theatrical release. Silverman and Seder later made a six-episode television series sequel entitled Pilot Season in which Silverman stars as the same character and Seder again directed. She also made TV program guest appearances, including on Star Trek: Voyager in the two-part-time travel episode "Future's End" (1996); Seinfeld in the episode "The Money" (1997); V.I.P. in the episode "481⁄2 Hours" (2002); Greg the Bunny as a series regular (2002); and on the puppet television comedy Crank Yankers as the voice of Hadassah Guberman (2003, 2007). She made her network standup comedy debut on the Late Show with David Letterman in July 2007. She had small parts in the films There's Something About Mary, Say It Isn't So, School of Rock, The Way of the Gun, Overnight Delivery, Screwed, Heartbreakers, Evolution, School for Scoundrels, and Rent, playing a mixture of comic and serious roles.
In 2005, Silverman released a concert film, Sarah Silverman: Jesus Is Magic, based on her one-woman show of the same name. Liam Lynchdirected the film, which was distributed by Roadside Attractions. It received 64% positive ratings based on 84 reviews on the film criticsaggregate website Rotten Tomatoes, and earned approximately $1.3 million at the box office As part of the film's publicity campaign, she appeared online in Slate as the cover subject of Heeb magazine and in roasts on Comedy Central of Pamela Anderson and Hugh Hefner.
Silverman played a therapist in a skit for a bonus DVD of the album Lullabies to Paralyze by the band Queens of the Stone Age. Silverman also appears at the end of the video for American glam metal band Steel Panther's "Death To All But Metal." On Jimmy Kimmel Live!, Silverman parodied sketches from Chappelle's Show, replaying Dave Chappelle's characterizations of Rick James and "Tyrone" as well as a Donnell Rawlings character based on the miniseries Roots. In 2006, Silverman placed 50th on Maxim Hot 100 List. In 2007, she placed 29th and appeared on the cover.
Her television sitcom The Sarah Silverman Program debuted on Comedy Central in February 2007, the series had 1.81 million viewers and portrays the day-to-day adventures of fictionalized versions of Silverman, her sister Laura, and their friends. A number of comedic actors from Mr. Show have appeared on The Sarah Silverman Program. Silverman was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for her acting on the show. At the awards ceremony, she wore a fake mustache. Comedy Central canceled The Sarah Silverman Program after three seasons.
In June 2007, she hosted the MTV Movie Awards. During her opening act, she commented on the upcoming jail sentence of Paris Hilton, who was in the audience, saying: "In a couple of days, Paris Hilton is going to jail. As a matter of fact, I heard that to make her feel more comfortable in prison, the guards are going to paint the bars to look like penises. I think it is wrong, too. I just worry she is going to break her teeth on those things." In September 2007 she appeared at the MTV Video Music Awards. Following the comeback performance ofBritney Spears, Silverman mocked her on stage, saying: "Wow, she is amazing. I mean, she is 25 years old, and she has already accomplished everything she's going to accomplish in her life."
In January 2008, she appeared on Jimmy Kimmel Live! to show Jimmy Kimmel, her boyfriend at the time, a special video. The video turned out to be a song called "I'm Fucking Matt Damon" in which she and Matt Damon sang a duet about having an affair behind Kimmel's back. The video created an "instant YouTube sensation." She won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Music and Lyrics at the 60th Primetime Emmy Awards. Kimmel responded with his own video a month later with Damon's friend Ben Affleck, which enlisted a panoply of stars to record Kimmel's song "I'm Fucking Ben Affleck". On September 13, 2008, Silverman won a Creative Arts Emmy for writing the song "I'm Fucking Matt Damon".Silverman guest-starred in a second-season episode of the USA cable program Monk as Marci Maven. She returned in the sixth season premiere and for the 100th episode of Monk. According to the audio commentary on the Clerks II DVD, director Kevin Smith offered her the role that eventually went to Rosario Dawson, but she turned it down out of fear of being typecast in "girlfriend roles". However, she told Smith the script was "really funny" and mentioned that if the role of Randal Graves was being offered to her she "would do it in a heartbeat." She appeared in Strange Powers, the 2009 documentary by Kerthy Fix and Gail O'Hara about cult songwriter Stephin Merritt and his band The Magnetic Fields. Silverman wrote a comic memoir, The Bedwetter: Stories of Courage, Redemption, and Pee, which was published in 2010.
Silverman played Geraldine alongside Michelle Williams and Seth Rogen in Take This Waltz, written and directed by Sarah Polley. The film was well received when it premiered in Toronto in 2011 and was picked up by Magnolia for U.S. distribution in summer 2012. Much was made of the fact that the film features a full frontal nude scene from Silverman, which the actress has spoken about on several occasions. At the Toronto International Film Festival, she told the press she'd deliberately gained weight for the part, emphasizing that Polley wanted "real bodies and real women." In interviews she warned fans not to expect too much. However, she later told podcaster and author Julie Klausner that she had not really gained weight for the role, and that the statements were meant as self-deprecating humor.
On September 20, 2012, Silverman made a public service announcement (PSA) criticizing new voter identification laws that create obstacles to the ability of certain groups to vote in the November presidential election, i.e., young, old, poor, and minority citizens. The project was financed by the Jewish Council for Education & Research (JCER) and was co-produced by Mik Moore and Ari Wallach (the pair that also co-produced The Great Schlep and Scissor Sheldon).
Silverman also voiced Vanellope von Schweetz, one of the main characters in the 2012 Disney animated film, Wreck-It Ralph. She is in the creative team that writes and produces the content for the YouTube comedy channel called JASH. The other partners are Michael Cera, Reggie Watts, and Tim Heidecker and Eric Wareheim (also known as Tim & Eric). The JASH channel premiered online March 10, 2013. In Seth MacFarlane's western comedy film, A Million Ways to Die in the West, she played Ruth, a prostitute, who is in love with Edward (Giovanni Ribisi). It was released on May 30, 2014.
HBO has announced that Silverman will star with Patti LuPone and Topher Grace in a situation comedy pilot called People in New Jersey, produced by SNL 's Lorne Michaels. The pilot was not picked up for a series order.
In a July 2001 interview on NBC's Late Night with Conan O'Brien, Silverman used the ethnic slur "chink" in explaining that a friend advised her to avoid jury duty by writing a racial slur on the selection form, "something inappropriate, like 'I hate chinks.'" Silverman said she decided that she did not want to be thought of as a racist, so "I wrote 'I love chinks'—and who doesn't?"
Silverman claimed the joke satirizes the racist thought process. Guy Aoki of the Media Action Network for Asian Americans (MANAA) objected to her use of the slur. NBC and O'Brien apologized, but Silverman did not. Later, appearing on Politically Incorrect in July and August 2001, Silverman questioned Aoki's sincerity, accusing him of exploiting the opportunity for publicity. On a later episode, Aoki appeared with Silverman and stated he did not accept Silverman's explanation, saying that it was not successful satire and that comedians should consult with groups such as his before performing such material. She stated in an NPR Fresh Air interview that she was asked to repeat the joke on Politically Incorrect, among other places, but eventually dropped it from her act because she felt it was becoming stale.
Silverman has since turned the complaint into grist for her standup act, saying that the experience helped teach her the important lesson that racism is bad: "And I mean bad, like in that black way."
A minor controversy arose over Silverman's performance in the documentary film The Aristocrats (2005). The film shows her giving an apparently autobiographical account of her life as a child sex performer and mentions that Joe Franklin, a New York radio and TV personality whose nostalgic programs have aired since the early 1950s, would ask her to perform privately for him in his apartment. Silverman looks at the camera and, in a deadpan voice, accuses Franklin of raping her. The film was edited in such a way that it appears as if Franklin knows what Silverman said about him. Later, after her clip, Franklin is shown stating, "Sarah Silverman is a young lady to watch." After the film came out, Franklin took offense at Silverman's using his name and considered suing her. A month later, The New York Times noted he remained undecided but said, "The best thing I could do is get Sarah better writers so she'd have funnier material."
Silverman became a vegetarian at the age of ten. She has also said that she does not drink alcohol because it nauseates her. Silverman is open about her lifelong battle with clinical depression, which at one point led to her developing an addiction to Xanax. She credited her subsequent emotional health to taking the prescription drug Zoloft. She struggled with bedwetting from the time she was young until well into her teens and stated in a 2007 interview that she had wet the bed recently. Her autobiography, published in April 2010, entitled The Bedwetter, explores the subject, among others. She has stated she does not want to get married until same-sex couples are able to. She stated she does not want to have biological children to avoid the risk that they might inherit her depression. Silverman's biological sister Lauraplayed her sister on The Sarah Silverman Program.
An older sister, Susan, is a rabbi who lives in Jerusalem with her husband, Yosef Abramowitz, the co-founder and president of Arava Power Company, and their five children. Silverman considers herself culturally Jewish, which she has frequently mined for material, but says she is agnostic and does not follow Judaism, claiming, "I have no religion. But culturally I can't escape it; I'm very Jewish."
Silverman was in a relationship with comedian Jimmy Kimmel beginning in 2002. She referred to the relationship in some of her comedy, joking: "I'm Jewish, but I wear this Saint Christopher medal sometimes; my boyfriend is Catholic—but you know... it was cute the way he gave it to me. He said if it doesn't burn a hole through my skin, it will protect me." In July 2008, Vanity Fair reported that the couple had split. However, in October 2008, the media reported they were on "the road back to being together". The couple attended the wedding of Howard Stern and Beth Ostrosky, but split again in March 2009. Silverman began dating television writer Alec Sulkin in early 2010; they met via Twitter after she sent him a personal message and they split up months later in October 2010, but remain friends. Silverman and comedianKyle Dunnigan were in a relationship from October 2011 to December 2013.
In 2015, she signed an open letter which the ONE Campaign had been collecting signatures for; the letter was addressed to Angela Merkel andNkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, urging them to focus on women as they serve as the head of the G7 in Germany and the AU in South Africa respectively, which will start to set the priorities in development funding before a main UN summit in September 2015 that will establish new development goals for the generation.
In 2015, Silverman endorsed U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders for President of the United States. She introduced Sen. Sanders at a rally in Los Angeles, California that drew an audience of over 27,500 people.
|1997||Who's the Caboose?||Susan||Also co-producer|
|1998||Bulworth||American Politics Assistant|
|1998||There's Something About Mary||Brenda|
|2000||What Planet Are You From?||Woman on Plane||Uncredited|
|2000||The Way of the Gun||Raving Bitch|
|2001||Say It Isn't So||Gina|
|2002||Run Ronnie Run||Network Executive #3|
|2003||School of Rock||Patty Di Marco|
|2004||Hair High||Cherri (voice)|
|2004||Nobody's Perfect||N/A||Short film|
|2005||Sarah Silverman: Jesus Is Magic||Herself||Also writer|
|2006||I Want Someone to Eat Cheese With||Beth|
|2006||School for Scoundrels||Becky|
|2007||Futurama: Bender's Big Score||Michelle (voice)||Direct-to-DVD|
|2008||Super High Me||Herself||Documentary|
|2008||A Bad Situationist||Jamy Shonelike||Direct-to-DVD|
|2009||Saint John of Las Vegas||Jill|
|2010||Peep World||Cheri Meyerwitz|
|2011||The Muppets||Restaurant greeter||Cameo|
|2011||Take This Waltz||Geraldine|
|2012||Wreck-It Ralph||Vanellope von Schweetz (voice)|
|2014||A Million Ways to Die in the West||Ruth|
|2014||Cops, Cum, Dicks and Flying||Lieutenant Silverman||Short film|
|2015||I Smile Back||Laney|
|1993–1994||Saturday Night Live||Various roles||18 episodes; also writer|
|1995–1997||Mr. Show with Bob and David||Various roles||10 episodes|
|1996||Star Trek: Voyager||Rain Robinson||2 episodes|
|1996; 1998||The Larry Sanders Show||Wendy Traston||3 episodes|
|1997||Seinfeld||Emily||Episode: "The Money"|
|1997||Brotherly Love||Rosa||Episode: "Pizza Girl"|
|1997||JAG||Lt. Schiparelli||Episode: "Blind Side"|
|1997||The Naked Truth||Ali Walters||Episode: "Look at Me! Look at Me!"|
|1998||Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist||Herself (voice)||Episode: "Alderman"|
|1999||Late Last Night||Jen||Television film|
|2000||Manhattan, AZ||Dakota||Episode: "Jake's Daughter"|
|2000; 2013||Futurama||Michelle (voice)||2 episodes|
|2002||V.I.P.||Lucy Stanton||Episode: "48 1/2 Hours"|
|2002||Saddle Rash||Hanna Headstrong (voice)||Pilot|
|2002||Greg the Bunny||Alison Kaiser||13 episodes|
|2003||Frasier||Jane||Episode: "Maris Returns"|
|2003; 2007||Crank Yankers||Hadassah Guberman (voice)||4 episodes|
|2004||Pilot Season||Susan Underman||2 episodes|
|2004||Aqua Teen Hunger Force||Robositter (voice)||Episode: "Robositter"|
|2004||Drawn Together||Bleh (voice)||Episode: "The Other Cousin"|
|2004; 2007–2008||Monk||Marci Maven||3 episodes|
|2005||American Dad!||Stripper (voice)||Episode: "Stan Knows Best"|
|2005||Tom Goes to the Mayor||Barb Dunderbarn (voice)||Episode: "Pipe Camp"|
|2006||Robot Chicken||Lt. Uhura / Cork's Big Sister / Playmobil Bunny / Woman (voices)||2 episodes|
|2007–2010||The Sarah Silverman Program||Herself||32 episodes; also co-creator, writer and executive producer|
|2010; 2012; 2014||The Simpsons||Nikki McKenna / Herself (voices)||3 episodes|
|2011||The Good Wife||Stephanie Engler||Episode: "Getting Off"|
|2011||Childrens Hospital||Britches||Episode: "Ward 8"|
|2011||Bored to Death||Lori||Episode: "I Keep Taking Baths Like Lady Macbeth"|
|2011; 2013||The League||Heather Nowzick||2 episodes|
|2011–present||Bob's Burgers||Ollie Pesto / Ms. Schnur / Lead Singer (voices)||25 episodes|
|2012; 2014||Louie||Herself||3 episodes|
|2012||Susan 313||Susan Farrow||Pilot; also co-creator, writer and executive producer|
|2013||Out There||Amy (voice)||Episode: "Ace's Wild"|
|2013||Comedy Bang! Bang!||Herself||Episode: "Sarah Silverman Wears a Black Dress With A White Collar"|
|2013||People in New Jersey||Melanie Levin||Pilot|
|2013||Comedy Central Roast of James Franco||Herself||Television special|
|2013||Sarah Silverman: We Are Miracles||Herself||Stand-up special; also writer and executive producer|
|2014||Maron||Herself||Episode: "Marc on Talking Dead"|
|2014–present||Masters of Sex||Helen||5 episodes|
|2014||Saturday Night Live||Herself (host)||Episode: "Sarah Silverman/Maroon 5"|
|2015||Man Seeking Woman||Josh's right hand (voice)||Episode: "Pitbull"|
|2006||"Rise Up With Fists!!"||Jenny Lewis with the Watson Twins|||
|2009||"Death to All But Metal"||Steel Panther|||
|2013||"We Do Not Belong"||Psychic Friend|||
|2015||"$ave Dat Money"||Lil Dicky|||
|2012||Wreck-it Ralph||Vanellope Von Schweetz (voice)|
|2013||Disney Infinity||Vanellope Von Schweetz (voice)|
|2014||Disney Infinity: Marvel Super Heroes||Vanellope Von Schweetz (voice)|
|2015||Disney Infinity 3.0||Vanellope Von Schweetz (voice)|
|2004||Teen Choice Award||Choice Movie Sleazebag||School of Rock||Nominated|
|2008||Writers Guild of America Award||Best Written New Series||The Sarah Silverman Program||Nominated|
|2008||GLAAD Media Award||Outstanding Comedy Series||The Sarah Silverman Program||Nominated|
|2008||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Special Class - Short-Format Live-Action Entertainment Programs||The Sarah Silverman Program||Nominated|
|2008||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series||Monk||Nominated|
|2008||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Original Music and Lyrics||Jimmy Kimmel Live! for "I'm F**king Matt Damon"||Won|
|2009||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series||The Sarah Silverman Program||Nominated|
|2012||Alliance of Women Film Journalists||Best Animated Female||Wreck-It Ralph||Nominated|
|2013||Visual Effects Society Award||Outstanding Animated Character in an Animated Feature Motion Picture||Wreck-It Ralph||Nominated|
|2013||Dorian Award||Wilde Wit of the Year||Nominated|
|2014||American Comedy Award||Comedy Special of the Year||Sarah Silverman: We Are Miracles||Nominated|
|2014||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Variety Special||Sarah Silverman: We Are Miracles||Nominated|
|2014||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Writing for a Variety Special||Sarah Silverman: We Are Miracles||Won|
|2015||Grammy Award||Best Comedy Album||Sarah Silverman: We Are Miracles||Nominated|
|2015||Writers Guild of America Award||Comedy/Variety (Music, Awards, Tributes) – Specials||Sarah Silverman: We Are Miracles||Nominated|
|2015||Seymour Cassel Award||Outstanding Performance (screen acting)||I Smile Back||Won|
|2015||Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards||Best Actress||I Smile Back||Pending|
|2015||Screen Actors Guild Awards||Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role||I Smile Back|
Genesis Breyer P-Orridge (born 22 February 1950) is an English singer-songwriter, musician, poet, performance artist, and occultist. After rising to notability as the founder of the COUM Transmissions artistic collective and then fronting the industrial band Throbbing Gristle, P-Orridge was a founding member of Thee Temple ov Psychick Youth occult group, and fronted the experimental band Psychic TV. S/he identifies as third gender.[a]
Born in Manchester as Neil Andrew Megson, P-Orridge developed an early interest in art, occultism, and the avant-garde while at Solihull School. After dropping out of studies at theUniversity of Hull, they moved into a counter-cultural commune in London and adopted Genesis Breyer P-Orridge as a nom-de-guerre. On returning to Hull, P-Orridge founded COUM Transmissions with Cosey Fanni Tutti, and in 1973 they relocated to London. COUM's confrontational performance work, dealing with such subjects as sex work, pornography, serial killers, and occultism, represented a concerted attempt to challenge societal norms and attracted the attention of the national press. COUM's 1976 Prostitution show at London's Institute of Contemporary Arts was particularly vilified by tabloids, gaining them the moniker of the "wreckers of civilization." P-Orridge's band, Throbbing Gristle, grew out of COUM, and were active from 1975 to 1981 as pioneers in the industrial music genre. In 1981, P-Orridge co-founded Psychic TV, an experimental band that from 1988 onward came under the increasing influence of acid house.
In 1981, P-Orridge co-founded Thee Temple ov Psychick Youth, an informal occult order influenced by chaos magic and experimental music. P-Orridge was often seen as the group's leader, but rejected that position, and left the group in 1991. Amid the Satanic ritual abuse hysteria, a 1992Channel 4 documentary accused P-Orridge of sexually abusing children, resulting in a police investigation. P-Orridge was subsequently cleared and Channel 4 retracted their allegation. P-Orridge left the United Kingdom as a result of the incident and settled in New York City. There, P-Orridge married Lady Jaye Breyer P-Orridge in 1993, and together they embarked on the Pandrogeny Project, an attempt to unite as a "pandrogyne", or single entity, through the use of surgical body modification to physically resemble one another. P-Orridge continued with this project of body modification after Lady Jaye's 2007 death. Although involved in reunions of both Throbbing Gristle and Psychic TV in the 2000s, s/he retired from music to focus on other artistic mediums in 2009. P-Orridge is credited on over 200 releases. A controversial figure with an anti-establishment stance, P-Orridge has been heavily criticised by the British press and politicians, while also acquiring the moniker "the Godfather of Industrial Music".
Genesis P-Orridge was born Neil Andrew Megson on 22 February 1950 in Victoria Park, Longsight, part of the northern English city of Manchester. Their father was Ronald Megson, a travelling salesman who had worked in repertory theatre and who played the drums in local jazz and dance bands. Their mother, Muriel, was from Salford and had first met Ronald after he had returned to England after being injured with the British Army at the Battle of Dunkirk in 1940. As a child, P-Orridge had a good relationship with their parents, who did not interfere with their artistic interests.
Due to Ronald's job, the family moved to Essex, Eastern England, where P-Orridge attended Staples Road Infant School in Loughton, and for a time lived in a caravan near to Epping Forest while the family house was being completed. The family then moved from Essex to Cheshire, North West England, where P-Orridge attended Gatley Primary School. Passing the Eleven Plus exam, P-Orridge won a scholarship to attend Stockport Grammar School, doing so between 1961 and 1964.
After h/er father gained employment as the Midlands area manager of a cleaning and maintenance business, P-Orridge was sent to the privately run Solihull School in Warwickshire from 1964 through to 1968; a period s/he would refer to as "basically four years of being mentally and physically tortured", but also a time when s/he developed an interest in art, occultism and the avant-garde. Unpopular with other students, P-Orridge was bullied at the school, finding comfort in the art department at lunch-time and in the evenings. S/he befriended Ian "Spydeee" Evetts, Barry "Little Baz" Hermon and Paul Wolfson, three fellow students who shared h/er interest in art, literature and poetry. They regularly discussed books and music, developing an interest in the writings of Aleister Crowley, William S Burroughs, Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsbergand the music of Frank Zappa, The Fugs and The Velvet Underground. P-Orridge became interested in occultism, and has also asserted that h/er grandmother was a medium.
In 1965, P-Orridge founded h/er first band, Worm, with school friends Peter Winstanley, Evetts and his girlfriend Jane Ray, which was influenced by John Cage's 1961 book Silence: Lectures and Writings. With Evetts, Hermon, Wolfson and Winstanley, s/he began production of anunderground magazine, entitled Conscience, in 1966. Forbidden from selling it on school grounds, they sold copies outside the school gates.Included in Conscience were various articles criticising the school's administration, leading to proposed changes regarding such issues as school uniforms and benchers' privileges. That same year, influenced by newspaper accounts of "Swinging London", P-Orridge organised the firsthappening at the school, doing so under the auspices of organising a school dance.
Brought up in the Anglican denomination of Christianity, P-Orridge became secretary of the schoolsixth form's Christian Discussion Circle, in this position inviting members of other ideological positions – including a Marxist from the British Communist Party – to speak to the group. Aged 18, P-Orridge began helping to run the local Sunday School classes, but came to reject organised Christianity. Afflicted with asthma, throughout childhood P-Orridge had to take cortisone andprednisone steroids to control the attacks. The latter of these drugs caused h/er adrenal glands to atrophy as a side-effect, and so the doctor advised P-Orridge to stop taking them. As a result, aged 17 P-Orridge suffered from a serious blackout; while in hospital recovering s/he decided to devote h/er life to art and writing.
With Hermon and Wolfson, P-Orridge founded a group called the Knights of the Pentecostal Flame. The Knights undertook a happening on 1 June 1968 which they titled Beautiful Litter. Taking place in Mell Square, Solihull, it involved the three students handing out cards to passersby that had a series of words written onto them; "fleece", "rainbow", "silken", "white", "flower" and "dewdrops". Ensuring that the local Solihull News was informed of the event, P-Orridge told reporters that the Knights wanted to ignite "an artistic revolution in Solihull, by making people aware of the life around them, its essential beauty and tranquility." In the summer of 1968, Worm recorded their first and only album, entitled Early Worm, in P-Orridge's parents' attic in Solihull. It was pressed onto vinyl in November at Deroy Sound Services in Manchester, but only one copy was ever produced. A second album, Catching the Bird, was recorded but never pressed.
In September 1968, P-Orridge began studying for a degree in Social Administration and Philosophy at the University of Hull. S/he had chosen Hull in an attempt to study at "the most ordinary non-elitist, working-class, red brick university", but disliked the course and unsuccessfully tried to transfer to study English. With a group of friends, s/he founded a 'free-form' student magazine entitled Worm which waived all editorial control, publishing everything placed into the magazine's pigeonhole, including instructions on how to build a molotov cocktail. Three issues were published between 1968 and 1970 before the Hull Student's Union banned the publication, considering it legally obscene and fearing prosecution. Developing a keen interest in poetry, P-Orridge won the 1969 Hull University Needler Poetry Competition, judged by Compton lecturer Richard Murphy and the poet Philip Larkin, who was then Chief Librarian at the university. P-Orridge became involved in radical student politics through h/er friendship with Tom Fawthrop, a member of the Radical Student Alliance who had led a student occupation of the university's administrative buildings as a part of the worldwide student protests of 1968. In 1969, P-Orridge attempted to reconstruct the occupation for a film, in the hopes that it would itself become a genuine protest occupation, but this venture failed due to a lack of participants.
In 1969, P-Orridge dropped out of university and moved to London, where s/he joined the Transmedia Explorations commune, who were then living in a large run-down house in Islington Park Street. The group, initiated by the artist David Medalla and initially named the Exploding Galaxy, had been at the forefront of the London hippy scene since 1967, but had partially disbanded after a series of police raids and a damaging court case. Moving into their commune, P-Orridge was particularly influenced by one of the founding members of the group, Gerald Fitzgerald, a kinetic artist, and would recognise Fitzgerald's formative influence in h/er later work. The commune members adhered to a strict regime with the intention of deconditioning its members out of their routines and conventional behaviour; they were forbidden from sleeping in the same place on consecutive nights, food was cooked at irregular times of the day and all clothing was kept in a communal chest, with its members wearing something different on each day. P-Orridge stayed there for three months, until late October 1969, when s/he decided to leave; s/he was angered that the commune's leaders were given more rights than the other members, and believed that the group ignored the counter-cultural use of music, something s/he took a great interest in. Julie Wilson later stated that although P-Orridge's time at the Transmedia Explorations commune had been brief, "the experiences he had there proved to be seminal" to his artistic development.
Leaving London, P-Orridge hitch-hiked across Britain before settling down in h/er parents' new home in Shrewsbury. Here s/he volunteered as an office clerk in h/er father's new business. On one family trip to Wales, P-Orridge was sitting in the back of the car when s/he "became disembodied and heard voices and saw the COUM symbol and heard the words 'COUM Transmissions'." Returning home that evening, s/he filled three notebooks with artistic thoughts and ideas, influenced by h/er time with Transmedia Explorations.
In December 1969, P-Orridge returned to Hull to meet up with friend John Shappero, with whom s/he would turn COUM Transmissions into an avant-gardeartistic and musical troupe. They initially debated as to how to define "COUM", later deciding that like the name "dada" it should remain open to interpretation.P-Orridge designed a logo for the group, consisting of a semi-erect penis formed out of the word COUM with a drip of semen coming out of the end, while the motto "YOUR LOCAL DIRTY BANNED" was emblazoned underneath. Another logo designed by P-Orridge consisted of a hand-drawn seal accompanied by the statement "COUM guarantee disappointment"; from their early foundation, the group made use of wordplay in their artworks and adverts.
COUM's earliest public events were impromptu musical gigs performed at various pubs around Hull; titles for these events included Thee Fabulous Mutations, Space Between the Violins, Dead Violins and Degradation, and Clockwork Hot Spoiled Acid Test. The latter combined the names of Anthony Burgess' dystopian science-fiction novel A Clockwork Orange (1962) with Tom Wolfe's The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test(1968), a work of literary journalism devoted to the Merry Pranksters, a US communal counter-cultural group who advocated the use ofpsychedelic drugs. COUM's music was anarchic and improvised, making use of such instruments as broken violins, prepared pianos, guitars, bongos and talking drums. As time went on, they added further theatrics to their performances, in one instance making the audience crawl through a polythene tunnel to enter the venue.
In December 1969, P-Orridge and Shapiro moved out of their flat and into a former fruit warehouse in Hull's docking area, overlooking theHumber. Named the Ho-Ho Funhouse by P-Orridge, the warehouse became the communal home to an assortment of counter-cultural figures, including artists, musicians, fashion designers and underground magazine producers. At Christmas 1969, a woman named Christine Carol Newby moved into the Funhouse after being thrown out of her home by her father. Having earlier befriended h/er at an acid test party, Newby became P-Orridge's roommate at the Funhouse, first taking the name "Cosmosis", but latterly adopting the nom-de-guerre Cosey Fanni Tuttiafter the title of Amadeus Mozart's 1790 opera Così fan tutte. Joining COUM, Tutti initially helped in building props and designing costumes, and was there when the group began changing its focus from music to performance art and more theatrical happenings; shortly after Evetts, after being expelled from Solihull School joined COUM. The three of them lived in a derelict Georgian warehouse in Prince Street, Hull. An example performance involved the group turning up to play a gig but intentionally not bringing any instruments, something P-Orridge considered "much more theatrical, farcical and light-hearted" than their earlier performances.
On 5 January 1971, P-Orridge officially changed h/er name to Genesis P-Orridge by deed poll, combining h/er adopted nickname of "Genesis" with a misspelling of "porridge", the foodstuff which s/he had lived off as a student. The nom-de-guerre was intentionally un-glamorous, and P-Orridge hoped that it would trigger h/er own "genius factor". In February, COUM caught the attention of the Yorkshire Post, which featured an article on them that led to further media attention from national newspapers. They also featured in an article in Torch, the publication of the University of Hull's student union, entitled "God Sucks Mary's Hairy Nipple"; the article's author, Haydn Robb, subsequently joined COUM, as did maths lecturer Tim Poston. In April 1971, COUM broadcast their first live radio session, for the On Cue programme for Radio Humberside. Following up the press attention they received, they performed further happenings, including their first street action, Absolute Everywhere, which brought problems with the police.
After performing another set, Riot Control, at Hull's Gondola Club, the premises was raided by police and closed soon after; most local clubs blamed COUM and unofficially banned them. COUM drew up a petition to gain support for the group, attaining a booking at the local Brickhouse; their first performance in which the audience applauded and called for an encore. The petition had contained their phallic logo, and the police charged P-Orridge and Nobb with publishing an obscene advert, although the charges were later dropped.As they gained coverage in the music press, interest in the band grew, and they supported Hawkwind at St. George's Hall in Bradford in October 1971, where they performed a piece called Edna and the Great Surfers, where they led the crowd in shouting "Off, Off, Off". The following month, the band attracted the interest of music journalist John Peel, who publicly remarked that "[s]ome might say that Coum were madmen but constant exposure to mankind forces me to believe that we need more madmen like them."
Gaining an Experimental Arts Grant from the publicly funded Yorkshire Arts Association, COUM described themselves as performance artists, being inspired by the Dadaists and emphasising the amateur quality of their work. They entered the National Rock/Folk Contest at Hull's New Grange Club with a set titled This Machine Kills Music, and organised events for Hull City Council's celebrations to mark the UK's entry into the European Economic Community in 1973. P-Orridge had also worked on solo projects, generating controversy in the local press over aconceptual artwork s/he entered at a local art exhibition. Taking an increasing interest in infantilism, P-Orridge founded the fictitious L'ecole de l'art infantile, through which s/he co-organised the "Baby's Coumpetition" at Oxford University's 1973 May Festival, also developing the fictitious Ministry of Antisocial Insecurity, a parody of the Ministry of Social Security. Meanwhile, P-Orridge created the character of Alien Brain, and in July 1972 performed the World Premiere of The Alien Brain at Hull Arts Centre. COUM also began publishing books; in 1972, they brought out the first volume of The Million and One Names of COUM, part of a proposed project to release 1001 slogans (such as "A thousand and one ways to COUM" and "COUM are Fab and Kinky"), while in 1973 P-Orridge published Copyright Breeches, which explored h/er ongoing fascination with the copyright symbol and its implications for art and society.
Following continual police harassment, P-Orridge and Tutti relocated to London, moving into a squat and obtaining a basement studio in Hackneywhich they named the "Death Factory". After a brief correspondence, P-Orridge met American novelist and poet William S. Burroughs, who later introduced h/er to the English poet and performance artist Dick Emery. Gysin would become a major influence upon P-Orridge's ideas and works and was h/er primary tutor in magic. 1973 saw COUM take part in the Fluxshoe retrospective that toured Britain exhibiting the work of the Fluxus artists; it was organised by David Mayor, who befriended P-Orridge. At that year's Edinburgh Festival, they undertook theirMarcel Duchamp-inspired Art Vandals piece at the Richard Demarco Gallery, in which they engaged guests in unconventional conversation, and spilled their food and drink on the floor. Exhibiting alongside the Viennese Actionists, they came under increasing influence from these Austrian performance artists, adopting their emphasis on using shock tactics to combat conventional morality. September 1973 saw them produce their first film, Wundatrek Tours, which documented a day out to Brighton, while throughout the year they sent postcards that they had designed to mail-art shows across the world.
In January 1974, COUM returned their attention to music, collaborating with the Canadian artist Clive Robertson to produce Marcel Duchamp's Next Work, which they premiered at an arts festival in the Zwaarte Zaal in Ghent, Belgium.COUM's next major work was Couming of Age, performed in March 1974 at theOval House in Kennington, South London. After the show, they were approached by an audience member, Peter Christopherson, who shared many of their interests; P-Orridge and Tutti nicknamed him "Sleazy" because of his particular interest in the sexual aspects of COUM's work. He began to aid them using his skills as a photographer and graphic designer, and would first perform with them in their March 1975 work Couming of Youth. In May 1974, COUM issued a manifesto published on an A3 double-sided sheet titledDecoumpositions and Events.
In April 1974 the Arts Council of Great Britain gave COUM the first half of a £1,500 grant. The money stabilised the group, which now included P-Orridge and Tutti as directors, John Gunni Busck as technical director, and Lelli Maull as musical director. During that year, they made use of various artist-run venues in London, most notably the Art Meeting Place (AMP) in Covent Garden, where they regularly performed during 1974. A number of these works entailed P-Orridge and Tutti exploring the gender balance, including concepts of gender confusion. In one performance at the AWB, which was titled Filth, P-Orridge and Tutti performed sexual acts using a double-ended dildo. COUM were frustrated with the restrictions imposed on them by the Arts Council as a prerequisite for receiving funding; rather than performing at Council-accredited venues, they wanted to perform more spontaneously. In August 1974 they carried out a spontaneous unauthorised piece of performance art inBrook Green, Hammersmith; during the performance, police arrived and put a stop to the event, deeming it obscene.
In September 1974, COUM were invited to attend the Stadfest in Rottweil, West Germany, and they proceeded with a travel grant from the British Council. There, they published two performance art actions in the street, earning them praise from Bridget Riley and Ernst Jandl, both of whom were present. The acclaim that COUM received at Rottweil established the group's reputation as "one of the most innovative performance art groups then on the London art scene", convincing the Arts Council and British Council to take them more seriously and offer them greater support.
In February 1975, P-Orridge gained his first full-time job, working as an assistant editor at St. James' Press, in which he helped to compile the Contemporary Artistsreference book. The work meant that he had less time to devote to COUM but gained a wide range of contacts in the art world. During that year, COUM embarked on a series of five performance pieces which it termed Omissions; these were performed across Europe. In March 1975, COUM performed Couming of Youth at the Melkweg in Theater Zaal, Amsterdam. Adopting a more violent stance than their previous work – in this reflecting an influence from the Viennese Actionists – the performance involved self-mutilation, Cosey inserting lighted candles into her vagina, P-Orridge being crucified and whipped, and P-Orridge and Cosey having sexual intercourse. At Southampton's Nuffield Festival in July 1975, COUM performed Studio of Lust, where P-Orridge publicly masturbated and all of the members undressed and adopted sexual poses.
COUM were introduced to Chris Carter in the summer of 1975 through their mutual friend John Lacey. Lacey believed that Carter would be interested in COUM as a result of his particular interest in the experimental use of light and sound. Together, Carter, Christopherson, Cosey and P-Orridge founded a musical band, Throbbing Gristle, on 3 September 1975; they had deliberately chosen that date for it was the 36th anniversary of the United Kingdom joining the Second World War. The term "throbbing gristle" was deliberately chosen for it was a Yorkshire slang term for an erect penis. Throbbing Gristle, or TG as it was widely known, was aimed at a wider audience than COUM, thereby aiming to work within popular culture rather than the elite realm of the art scene. COUM and TG were largely treated as distinct entities; the music press ignored COUM and saw TG as experimental art rock, while the arts press ignored TG, viewing COUM as performance artists. Despite their intention of operating within the realms of popular culture, TG never had chart success, and remained a cult band; their audience was however far larger than COUM.
COUM continued to operate alongside TG, and in October 1975 they performedJusquà la balle crystal'' at the Ninth Paris Biennale at the Musée d'art modern. The prestige of being invited to such an event led to the Arts Council awarding them a grant for £1,600, although only the first half of this was ever paid out. COUM's mail art had taken on an increasingly pornographic dimension, and in November 1975 the police charged P-Orridge with distributing obscene material via in the postal system under the 1953 Post Office Act; this trial was set for February 1976. They were prosecuted in 1975 for making collages combining postcards of Queen Elizabeth with soft-core porn, but the jail term and fines were suspended on condition they did not continue.
Their Prostitution show, in 1976 at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in London, included displays of Tutti's pornographic images from magazines as well as erotic nude photographs; the show featured a stripper, used tampons in glass, and transvestite guards. Prostitutes,punks, and people in costumes were among those hired to mingle with the gallery audience. The show caused debate in Parliament about the public funding of such events. In the House of Commons, Scottish Conservative MP Sir Nicholas Fairbairn demanded an explanation from Arts Minister Harold Lever and proclaimed P-Orridge and Tutti as "wreckers of civilisation". Fleet Street was not slow to pick up the story. The reviews were cut up, framed, and put on display for the remainder of the exhibition. This was also reported in newspapers, so cut-ups about the cut-ups were also put on display. COUM was found so offensive that it lost its government grant, and went on to become the private company Industrial Records. Toward the end of COUM, performances would often consist of only P-Orridge, Cosey and Sleazy, the core group who went on to form Throbbing Gristle.
Throbbing Gristle was formed in the autumn of 1975 as a four-piece band, consisting of P-Orridge, Cosey Fanni Tutti, Peter "Sleazy" Christopherson andChris Carter. The name "Throbbing Gristle" was adopted after a Northern English slang term for an erect penis. P-Orridge's involvement in Throbbing Gristle led to h/er being regularly cited as the "Godfather of Industrial Music".
The first Throbbing Gristle performance was held at the Air Gallery in London in July 1976. At that point, Throbbing Gristle's headquarters was located at 10 Martello Street, Hackney, East London, the address of an artist collective. P-Orridge and Tutti's living and work space was the mailing address of Industrial Records (IR). Throbbing Gristle released "Discipline" in 1980. TG came to be identified as the founders of industrial music, although at the same time the academic Drew Daniel asserted that as a result of its eclecticism, their music resists clear analysis.
Throbbing Gristle's best-selling single was "Zyklon B Zombie" (1978), the title being a reference to the Zyklon B poison gas used at Auschwitz extermination camp. With their album 20 Jazz Funk Greats they attempted to move away from their industrial sound, and produced songs in a variety of different musical genres. P-Orridge received a number of threatening phone calls, proceeding to record them and use them as a backing track for the TG song "Death threats".
The final IR release was called Nothing Here Now But the Recordings, a best-of album taken from the archives of William S. Burroughs, who provided P-Orridge and Christopherson with access to his reel-to-reel tape archive.
The final Throbbing Gristle live event, Mission of Dead Souls, occurred in May 1981 at the Kezar Pavilion in San Francisco, US. Shortly after the San Francisco event, P-Orridge and Paula P-Orridge (née Alaura O'Dell) were married.
During this period, P-Orridge befriended an English musician named David Bunting; because P-Orridge already knew another man named David, s/he gave h/er new friend the moniker of "David Tibet". Through an introduction provided by Burroughs, P-Orridge met Brion Gysin in Paris, probably in 1980, coming to be deeply influenced by Gysin's cut-up method; P-Orridge understood this to be a revolutionary method of escaping current patterns of thought and developing something new.
Following the break-up of Throbbing Gristle, in 1981 P-Orridge founded a band with Peter Christopherson and Alex Fergusson that they named Psychic TV. Involved in video art, they also performed psychedelic, punk, electronic and experimental music. The decision to name the band "Psychic TV" stemmed from P-Orridge's belief that while mainstream television was a form of mass indoctrination and mind control, it could be used as an "esoterrorist" form of magick to combat the establishment's control. Historian Dave Evans described Psychic TV as "a band dedicated to musical eclecticism and magical experiment, their performances being in part ritual (ab)use of sound samples, the creation of 'auditory magical sigils' and the destruction of consensus language in order to find meaning."
The band's first song, "Just Drifting", was based on a poem by P-Orridge. For their first album,Force the Hand of Chance (1982), P-Orridge used a kangling, or Tibetan trumpet made out of a human thigh-bone; the instrument had been introduced to P-Orridge by David Tibet, and attracted attention to their music. P-Orridge had become acquainted with Anton LaVey, founder of theChurch of Satan and ideologue of LaVeyan Satanism, with LaVey making an appearance on the Psychic TV song "Joy", in which he recites the Lord's Prayer backwards. From 1988, the band came under the increasing influence of the acid house genre of dance music, and were responsible for helping the popularisation of acid house music in Europe.
Psychic TV made its debut in 1982 at an event organised by P-Orridge, David Dawson, and Roger Ely, called The Final Academy. It was a 4-day multimedia celebratory rally held in Manchester and at the Ritzy Cinema in Brixton, South London. It brought performers and audience together with literature, performance, film and music. PTV, Cabaret Voltaire, 23 Skidoo, Z'EV, John Giorno, William S. Burroughs, Brion Gysin, Terry Wilson, Jeff Nuttall, and The Last Few Days participated to honour the cut-up techniques and theories of William S. Burroughs, Ian Sommerville,Antony Balch and Gysin. Video projection and early sampling were used here, as well as whispered utterances by P-Orridge reprocessed as a soundtrack to Gysin's Dreammachine by the Hafler Trio. In the mid-eighties, Psychic TV aimed to release a live album on the 23rd of each month for 23 months in recognition of the 23 enigma. The group didn't reach its goal but still managed fourteen albums in eighteen months, thus earning them an entry in the Guinness Book of World Records. Following the culmination of Psychic TV but before embarking on Thee Majesty, P-Orridge and several Psychic TV musicians formed Splinter Test, a name adopted from one of P-Orridge's essays on sampling.
In 1981, P-Orridge also founded a loosely organised network of occultists named Thee Temple ov Psychick Youth (TOPY), with the aid of Balance, Tibet, and a number of members of the Process Church of the Final Judgement, a group which had exerted an influence on P-Orridge's occult thought. TOPY was conceived not as an occult order of teaching, but a forum to facilitate discussions on occult ideas by like-minded people, and from its beginnings was understood by its founders to be a successor to the late 19th and early 20th century Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO), especially as the latter had been run under Crowley's leadership. Evans described TOPY as "a 'fusion' organisation, creating a crossover of punk/experimental music with chaos magical thinking and practice", making particular use of the sigilisation practices of occult artist Austin Osman Spare. Journalist Gavin Baddeley described TOPY as "perhaps the most influential new occult order of the 1980s".P-Orridge had never wanted to be seen as the leader of an occult order, although many of those involved in TOPY were frustrated that outsiders regularly described P-Orridge as the group's leader. Accordingly, P-Orridge separated from TOPY in 1991, although it continued as a fan community after the departure.
Having been encouraged by Christian groups involved in propagating the Satanic ritual abuse moral panic, in 1992, the Channel 4documentary show Dispatches claimed to have discovered videotapes depicting P-Orridge sexually abusing children in a ritual setting. Police from the Obscene Publications Squad subsequently raided h/er home, and confiscated several tons of art work. At the time, P-Orridge was in Thailand undertaking famine relief work, and fearing that s/he would be arrested on h/er return to the UK and lose custody of h/er children, s/he stayed out of the country for several years, settling in the United States. P-Orridge believed that the press and police attacks on h/er were as a result of a vendetta conceived by a right-wing fundamentalist Christian group. It was subsequently revealed that the footage obtained did not depict child abuse. Instead, it was a video artwork titled First Transmissions that had been made in the early 1980s, part-funded by Channel 4 themselves; the footage depicted sex-magical rites between adults, blood-letting performances, and scenes of the filmmaker Derek Jarmanreading passages from the work of Geoffrey Chaucer. Embarrassed by these revelations, Channel 4 retracted their initial accusations.
In January 1993, Genesis and h/er second wife, Lady Jaye (née Jacqueline Breyer), relocated to Ridgewood, Queens in New York City. It was here that the couple embarked on what they termed the "Pandrogeny Project"; influenced by the cut-up technique, the duo underwent body modification to resemble one another, thus coming to identify themselves as a single pandrogynous being named "Breyer P-Orridge". In doing so, the pair underwent $200,000 worth of surgical alteration, receiving breast implants, cheek and chin implants, lip plumping, eye and nose jobs, tattooing, and hormone therapy, while also adopting gender neutral and alternating pronouns. With this project, P-Orridge's intent was to express a belief that the self is pure consciousness trapped within the DNA-governed body. The couple adopted the term "pandrogyne" because – in their words – "we wanted a word without any history or any connections with things—a word with its own story and its own information." They also stated that:
We started out, because we were so crazy in love, just wanting to eat each other up, to become each other and become one. And as we did that, we started to see that it was affecting us in ways that we didn't expect. Really, we were just two parts of one whole; the pandrogyne was the whole and we were each other's other half.
During this era, a book was published of Breyer P-Orridge's writings, poems, and observations, called Ooh, You Are Awful ... But I Like You!.In the mid-1990s, Breyer P-Orridge collaborated with different people in music, including Pigface, Skinny Puppy, and Download. Breyer P-Orridge also performed with Nik Turner and other former members of Hawkwind.
In June 1998, Breyer P-Orridge won a $1.5 million lawsuit against producer Rick Rubin and his American Recordings label for injuries sustained while trying to escape a fire at Rubin's home in April 1995.According to Breyer P-Orridge's attorney, David D. Stein, Breyer P-Orridge was staying at Rubin's home, as a guest of Love and Rockets, when the fire broke out. Breyer P-Orridge tried to escape the house by crawling through a second-story window and fell onto concrete stairs. Breyer P-Orridge suffered a broken wrist, broken ribs, and a pulmonary embolism, as well as a shattered left elbow that, according to Stein, has prevented P-Orridge from playing bass or keyboards—Breyer P-Orridge remained in hospital for a total of ten days. The jury found that the liability for the fire rested with Rubin and American Recordings, and awarded Breyer P-Orridge US$1,572,000 in compensation.
In 1999, Breyer P-Orridge performed with the briefly reunited late-1980s version of Psychic TV for an event at London's Royal Festival Hall, called Time's Up. The MC for the event, via pre-recorded video, was Quentin Crisp, it was recorded and released as a DVD. Time's Up is also the title of the first CD by Thee Majesty, Breyer P-Orridge's spoken-word project with "noise" guitarist, Bryin Dall.
In December 2003, Breyer P-Orridge, using the alias Djinn, unveiled PTV3, a new act drawing upon the early "Hyperdelic" work of Psychic TV with media theorist Douglas Rushkoff among its members. On 16 May 2004 all four former members of Throbbing Gristle performed at theLondon Astoria for the first time in 23 years.
Breyer P-Orridge appears in the 1998 film and 2000 book versions of Modulations, in the 1999 film Better Living Through Circuitry, in the 2004 film DiG!, the 2006 documentary Monks: The Transatlantic Feedback, in Nik Sheehan's 2007 feature documentary on the Dreamachine entitled 'FLicKeR', and the 2010 documentary "William S. Burroughs: A Man Within." In January 2006, the new PTV album was announced on P-Orridge's website. Hell Is Invisible... Heaven Is Her/e was recorded in NYC and features Nick Zinner (Yeah Yeah Yeahs) and Gibby Haynes(Butthole Surfers) guesting on some tracks. To inaugurate the release of Hell Is Invisible ... Heaven Is Her/e, PTV3 hosted a five night residency in September 2006 at Galapagos Art Space in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, New York. Mr. Alien Brain Vs. the Skinwalkers was released on Sweet Nothing Records on 8 December 2008.
On 9 October 2007, Lady Jaye Breyer P-Orridge died. The cause of death was a heart condition that was possibly related to stomach cancer. Psychic TV cancelled its North American tour dates in the aftermath of Lady Jaye's death. A memorial was held at the PARTICIPANT INC. Gallery in New York City on 8 March 2008 . As of January 2013, P-Orridge's official website says, "Since that time Genesis continues to represent the amalgam Breyer P-Orridge in the material 'world' and Lady Jaye represents the amalgam Breyer P-Orridge in the immaterial 'world' creating an ongoing interdimensional collaboration." Thus, P-Orridge continued the Pandrogyne Project, having further surgical operations to alter h/er body and using "we" when in reference to h/erself; however, to a reporter P-Orridge admitted that without Lady Jaye, "It's very hard. The bottom line is that we know she would continue. She wouldn't stop because it was complicated."
In September 2009, a retrospective of P-Orridge's collages, entitled "30 Years of Being Cut Up", opened at Invisible-Exports. On 4 November 2009 it was announced that Breyer P-Orridge would retire from touring in any and all bands (including Throbbing Gristle and Psychic TV) to concentrate on art, writing and music.
In June 2010, P-Orridge sold h/er Ridgewood property, holding a "garage sale" in the basement of a local art gallery to sell off a range of personal items, such as "punk-rock dresses with safety-pinned seams, a volcanic-rock-shaped mirror-ball blob, and a pink glass perfume bottle", in addition to an array of dildos. This accomplished, s/he moved to a one-bedroom apartment in New York's Lower East Side.
Influenced by concepts from both Western esotericism and contemporary Paganism, P-Orridge's work was designed to confront its audience with ways of thinking that were alien to the mainstream values of Western society. Thereligious studies scholar Christopher Partridge characterised P-Orridge's work as being a "confluence of pornography, violence, death, degradation, the confrontation of taboo subjects, noise and Paganism", deliberately courting controversy and expressing an anti-establishment stance. Partridge suggested that this intent to shock emerged both out of a serious attempt to highlight the mechanisms of social control in Western society and also out of "a juvenile delight gained from extreme behaviour and the offence caused".
P-Orridge's work was particularly influenced by the early 20th-century English artist and occultist Austin Osman Spare, who shared h/er disdain for mainstream morality and fascination with sexuality and the human body. P-Orridge adopted Spare's views on sigils, coming to see h/er own work as a form of sigil magic. Spare's sigilisation process entailed writing down one's desires, before crossing out any letters that are repeated and then combining the remaining letters into an abstract design, or sigil; the magician must then focus on that sigil and mentally absorb it, and – according to Spare's claims – psychic energies operating on the subconscious ensure that the original desire is manifested in reality. P-Orridge adopted this theory, believing that h/er work operates according to its principles.
A further element of P-Orridge's work is h/er common use of idiosyncratically use of grammar and spelling, such as "Thee" in place of "the". The purpose of this is to challenge thought and established ways of reading.
P-Orridge has two daughters, Caresse and Genesse, with former wife Paula P-Orridge (born Paula Brooking). Nude portrait of Genesis and Paula P-Orridge appeared in the book RE/Search: Modern Primitives in 1989, and the Icelandic publication Eintak in 1994.
On a religious or spiritual level, Partridge described P-Orridge as representing "a particularly interesting, influential and subversive example of contemporary Paganism." Asserting that P-Orridge's "Industrial Paganism" was different from most forms of contemporary Paganism, Partridge described it as "confrontational, subversive, experimental and, to a large extent, dystopian", with it serving as "an ideological tool" with which to analyse society "from its underbelly; an immersion in the dark side; the subversion of Christian hegemony, conservative politics and what nowadays might be described as neoliberalism." P-Orridge is devoted to the deity Eshu Elegguá, an entity from the Afro-Caribbean syncretic religion of Santeria. However, s/he has also insisted that s/he do not believe in the literal existence of gods, deeming such entities to instead be "early attempts at psychology, trying to understand the light and dark side of human nature".
P-Orridge has vociferously criticised contemporary Christianity, describing it as "an incredibly sick social pseudo-religion", and arguing that it was based upon the tenet of "Be good now, agree, or else we will punish you forever and ever when you're dead. And we may punish you while you're alive ...". S/he maintains that such an attitude was established in Christianity by St. Paul and the early Roman Catholic Church, and that it differed from the "ecstatic mysticism of the original Christianity, the Gnostic Christianity."
Manga! (BBC TV Special, 1994)
documentary on the manga and anime phenomenon that was just starting to hit the UK at the time, and its origins in Japan. Presented by Jonathan Ross.