Margaret Mead (December 16, 1901 – November 15, 1978) was anAmerican cultural anthropologist, who was frequently a featured writer and speaker in the mass media throughout the 1960s and 1970s.
She was both a popularizer of the insights of anthropology into modern American and Western culture, and also a respected, if controversial, academic anthropologist. Her reports about the attitudes towards sex in South Pacific and Southeast Asian traditional cultures amply informed the 1960s sexual revolution. Mead was a champion of broadened sexual morals within a context of traditional western religious life.
An Anglican Christian, she played a considerable part in the drafting of the 1979 American Episcopal Book of Common Prayer.:347-348
John Derek Freeman (15 August 1916, Wellington, New Zealand – 6 July 2001,Canberra, Australia) was a New Zealand anthropologist best known for his criticism of Margaret Mead's work in Samoan society, as described in her 1928ethnography Coming of Age in Samoa. His effort "ignited controversy of a scale, visibility, and ferocity never before seen in anthropology."